It takes place between two and seven years where symbolic thoughts develop. In accordance with the psychosexual theory, the first stage is described as the oral stage where the infant mainly interacts with the society with the mouth.
References The Two Ericksons: A conflict occurs during the phallic stage when the child desires to kill the same-sex parent to gain access to the opposite-sex parent. The first three stages cover infancy and early childhood.
During this stage, the individual there is a prevalent manifestation of nostalgia Hayes, This represents the period from infancy and up to two years of age. Erikson recognized the significance of sense, autonomy versus shame and doubt provides a compelling example of this.
Students with differing needs and abilities may find it hard to use since it fails to consider such elements.
It occurs from eleven years of age to adulthood.
From the above ideas, he developed the four stages through observation of children. The theories also contrast in the manner in which they view the stages. Piaget views an adolescent as a rational being with rational thoughts.
Erik posits that at this stage, the teenager focuses on independence in decision-making, relationships and self-discovery. In the Generativity vs. During this stage, the infant is sorely dependent upon the caretakers and hence develops a sense of trust and comfort through the stimulation of the oral organ.
Both were developmental psychologists who brought another perspective and tradition to their work. His emphasis is mainly in the earlier stages below the age of twelve. The success of the stage is based on how caregivers successfully manage to train the child into using the toilet.
Erickson calls this stage adolescence. Therefore, individuals get inspiration from the surroundings through the learning process.
Conclusion Piaget and Erikson contributed a lot in the field of development psychology. Disability across the Development Life Span. Abstract thinking takes center stage. Piaget focused on cognitive development through mental processes, where he asked questions and then followed up by other questions.
Mistrust and minimal attachment of the child also creates an environment of fear.
The fourth stage is Industry vs. The girl child on the other hand develops the Electra complex, which is the polar converse of the Oedipus complex.
Both theorists center development around a form of conflict. Thus, trust is established when the infant feels safe under care; likewise mistrust occurs when safety is minimal.A Comparison and Contrast of Freud and Erickson’s Developmental Theories.
The two main psychoanalytic theories of concern are Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory. Sigmund Freud was a supporter of Erikson’s psychosocial theory and thus his theory is similar to the latter’s albeit several.
Erickson's theory contains eight stages, and an individual reaches the last stage at age 55 (or 65). Both theories stress that a person passes through fixed stages, and the order in which an individual passes through the stages is the same. Psychosocial Stage of Development Erik Erikson psychosocial stage of development is broke down into eight stages.
Those eight stages cover development form birth to death. Though many stages cover early childhood, most of the time lived is during adulthood (young, middle, and old adults).
Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson are both known for their work in psychoanalysis. While they both separated development into distinct stages based on age groups, their approach to these phases was.
Jul 20, · 0 Comparing and Contrasting Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson Work on Child Psychology. Erik’s theory focuses on the entire development process in life in eight stages.
He asserts that the environment interacts with an individual to influence the development. Challenges are bound to occur in every stage in Erikson’s theory; in.
Free Essay: Compare and Contrast Erik Erikson & Sigmund Freud This research paper will compare and contrast two of the most influencial psychologists who.Download