The religious architecture is varied and impressive; in addition to mosques, there are several Orthodox churches, a cathedral, and a Sephardic Jewish synagogue. Breakfast generally consists of eggs, meat, and bread, with a dairy spread called kajmak. Nationalism, War, and the Great Powers, —, In Croatia, the people greeted German troops as a way to escape the rule of the Serbs, and Croatia, aligned with the Axis powers, became a Fascist puppet state.
Refugees, economic strain, and social unrest have also been major social problems.
Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Until modern times, rural Montenegrins lived in clans. The Turks ruled for nearly five hundred years. The entire region is vulnerable to severe earthquakes.
In independent Bosnia, the Muslim, Croat, and Serbian administrations provide aid for their respective populations. Mostar, the largest city in the Herzegovina region, also has been devastated by the civil war. It also is a manufacturing center. Ban Kulin ruled c. The terms "Bosniac" and "Muslim" often are used interchangeably; "Bosniac" refers more explicitly to an ethnicity, to avoid confusion with the term "Muslim," which refers to any follower of the Islamic faith.
Labor law[ edit ] Maternal and Paternal Leave A lack of female employment opportunities in Kosovo perpetuates a traditional society in which many women remain in the home.
Members are directly elected to the seat lower house House of Representativesin which 28 seats are reserved for the Federation and 14 for the Republika Srpska.
Bosnia is the second poorest republic of the former Yugoslavia. These materials are also woven into carpets of complex geometric patterns. Muslim women can be distinguished by their attire; while they do not wear the full body covering common in other Islamic countries, they usually cover their heads with scarves.
Sarajevo and Mostar are well known for the wool rugs and carpets their artisans produce.
No meaningful exploration for chrome has been undertaken for several decades. By the end ofHungary had shifted much of its trade to the West.
A typical house in Montenegro. Recently, the overriding goal of Hungarian economic policy has been to prepare the country for entry into the European Union, which it joined in late Under Tito, Yugoslavia had a higher standard of living than did most countries in Eastern Europe; it was not uncommon for people in the cities to have cars, televisions, and other goods and appliances.
The Relative Status of Women and Men. Total production was 2. Some promise for progress did emerge from the elections of October The majority of Bosnians are Muslim, and their culture bears many traces of the Turkish civilization that predominated in the region for centuries.
Sarajevo, near the center of the country in a valley of the Dinaric Alps, is the capital and largest city. Schools were common targets of Serb mortar attacks, and many were forced to close. Since that time, the Bosniac population has declined and that of the Serbs has risen because of ethnic cleansing by the Serbian army.
This combination has meant that the cost of lignite-fuelled electricity in Kosovo is the lowest in the region.
The three groups share the same South Slav heritage. There are local court systems in each republic, as well as a Federal Court, which is the highest court of appeals and which also resolves property disputes among the republics.
Alexander IAlexander, prince regent of Serbia, The extreme measures he took, which included abolishing the constitution, were largely unpopular, and Alexander was assassinated in by Croatian nationalists.
The civil war of the s caused the Bosnian football league to break into three comparatively weak divisions along ethnic lines, with Bosniak, Serb, and Croat teams that rarely played against anyone not of their own allegiance.
Justice The Dayton Accords established the Constitutional Court, which has exclusive jurisdiction to decide any dispute that arises between the entities, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and the entities, or between the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The leading causes of death are circulatory diseases and cancer, due in part to the increase in environmental pollution and cigarette smoking since the s. The high rate of unemployment has led to an increase in crimes such as petty theft and carjacking.
History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.These years were largely those of the Omayyad Amirs and Caliphs, who may be said to have presided over the Golden Age of Islâmic Spain. The suprisingly rapid decline of the Omayyads in the 11th century quickly led to complete political fragmentation and to grave vulnerability to the rising Christian Kingdoms.
May 05, · The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. Hungary is an OECD high-income mixed economy with a very high human development index and a skilled labour force, with the 13th lowest income inequality in the world; furthermore it is the 14th most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index.
The Hungarian economy is the 57th-largest economy in the world (out of. Across the globe, Nestlé is pushing to privatize and control public water resources. Nestlé's former CEO and Chairman of the Board, Peter Brabeck, has explained his philosophy with "The one opinion, which I think is extreme, is represented by the NGOs, who bang on about declaring water a public right.
That means as a human being you. Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at mint-body.com The political, social, economic and administrative systems in place that influence water’s use and management.
Essentially, who gets what water, when and how, and who has the right to water and related services, and their benefits.Download